Stage lighting design principles and lighting techniques

2020-05-13 11:43

Stage lighting is roughly divided into theater stage lighting and variety show lighting, its characteristics are mainly about on-site viewing effects


Theater stage lighting According to the different repertoires of performances, the requirements for lamps are also different. The basic lighting configuration of the theater stage mentioned here means that it can basically meet the performance needs of ordinary opera, dance, ballet, drama, local drama and so on. 


Downlight, also known as RAP lamp, its structure is to install a mirror bulb in the cylinder or a tungsten bromide bulb in the reflective bowl. The main feature is to emit a fixed beam, the beam angle is wide and narrow, but the spot size cannot be adjusted. ; 


Sky row lamp, floor row lamp, high-power astigmatism lamp, used to illuminate the sky curtain up and down, requiring bright and balanced, large irradiation area; 


imaging lamp or modeling lamp, ellipsoid spotlight, its beam angle has a variety of, can Choose the application according to your needs, the main feature is to be able to cut the light spot into square, diamond, triangle and other shapes like a slide show, or to project the various patterns required. The power is also available in 1KW, 2KW and other optional configurations;


The fewer spotlights, the spotlights used on the stage refer to the use of plano-convex condensers in front of the lights. This kind of luminaire can adjust the spot size, the beam coming out is more concentrated, the side diffused light is relatively small, and the power is 0.5W ~ 5KW There are long, medium and short focal lengths, which can be selected according to the needs of the distance. Most of the lighting used in stage lighting is fixed-point light sources, with different colors to achieve various visual effects. The first respect for stage lighting is the human eye, which fully considers people's viewing habits and shapes them on this basis.


Variety party lighting The large variety show is a long-lasting art form, and it is developing rapidly. Its form is becoming more and more diversified, such as the Spring Festival party, various thematic evenings, and commemorative parties of different festivals. See, it is more and more complicated, there are different types of studios, amphitheaters, stages, stadiums, squares, etc .;


 from the perspective of the audience, the level is higher and higher, and the number of people is more and more; 1-1ZRQJ259132.jpg


Dance, drama, quyi, etc. The lighting design of the variety show is based on the stage lighting, incorporating many new elements, using advanced lighting equipment, and paying more attention to the diversity of angle choices when lighting. 


In the selection of lamps, most of the variety shows use advanced computer lights. The basic illumination of the overall lighting is controlled in the range of 800LX ~ 1000LX, and the partitioned lighting is used. The illumination in the front area is in the range of 2000LX ~ 2500LX, and the illumination in the central area is 1500LX ~2000LX, the illuminance in the rear zone is 800LX ~ 1000LX, and the light effect changes quickly and diversely. 


Another noteworthy feature is that in order to meet the needs of TV broadcasting, the variety show uses light to consider whether the color rendering of the light is consistent with the camera, not only to be suitable for human visual viewing, but also to meet the camera's shooting requirements.

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